The author Edgar Allan Poe was born as the son of an actor in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 19,1809. He was orphaned in 1811 and subsequently adopted by the Allan family. When he was six years old, Edgar Allan Poe's family temporarily moved to Scotland, where he attended Irvine Old Grammar School in 1815 and then went to Manor House boarding school in Stoke Newington near London for the following 8 years. In 1820 Edgar Allan Poe left school and moved to New York with his family. Aged 17, Edgar Allan Poe attended the University of Virginia in Charlottesville for half a year, before dropping out.
From 1827 to 1831 he served in the military, subsequently he went to Baltimore. During this time, Poe was already following his poetic ambitions and published his first book of poetry. In 1838 Edgar Allan Poe married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm, who died nine years later. After her death Poe led an excessive life, indulging in alcohol and other drugs. Edgar Allan Poe's works had a great influence on symbolism and the development of fantastic literature as well as crime literature, including the work of Jules Verne, Arthur Conan Doyle and others. His early work was influenced by the authors of the German Romantic period, such as Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué and E. T. A. Hoffmann. His later influences include Charles Dickens, whom he knew personally.
He wrote tasteful tales and detective stories like "The Fall of the House of Usher", "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym" and "The Murders of the Rue Morgue". Edgar Allan Poe furthermore studied issues of logics, secret codes and so-called automats, early robots, based on which he wrote his tale "The Gold-Bug". His lyrical work, the poems "The Raven" and "The Bells", has been given great importance in American literature. When composing his poems, Poe attributed special importance to the rhythm and a logical formal structure.
Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849 in Baltimore.
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